Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure: Quantification and Associated Economics
- By ian mcwilliams [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
- Climate Resilience
Distinguished Lecture, Department of Engineering Systems and Environment
Natural disasters in 2011 alone resulted in $366 billion (2011 US$) in direct damages and 29,782 fatalities worldwide. Storms and floods accounted for up to 70% of the 302 natural disasters worldwide, with earthquakes producing the greatest number of fatalities. Managing these risks and others rationally requires an appropriate definition of resilience and associated metrics. This presentation provides a resilience definition that meets a set of requirements with clear relationships to reliability and risk as key relevant metrics. Such metrics provide a sound basis for the development of effective decision- and policy-making methods for multihazard environments for various system types including lifeline, environmental, financial, etc. systems. The presentation also examines recovery, with its classifications based on level, spatial, and temporal considerations. Three case studies are used to gain insights to help define recovery profiles. The economics of resilience is briefly discussed.
About Bilal Ayyub
Dr. Bilal Ayyub is a University of Maryland Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Professor of Reliability Engineering, and Professor of Applied Mathematics and Scientific Computation. He is also a chair professor at Tongji University, Shanghai, China. Dr. Ayyub’s main research interests are risk, resilience, uncertainty, decisions, and systems applied to civil, mechanical, infrastructure, energy, defence and maritime fields. Dr. Ayyub is a distinguished member of ASCE, and a fellow of the Structural Engineering Institute, the Society for Risk Analysis, ASME, and SNAME. Dr. Ayyub completed projects for governmental and private entities, such as NSF, ONR, AFOSR, USACE, DHS, NRC, ASME, Hartford, Chevron, Bechtel, etc. Dr. Ayyub is the recipient of several awards from ASCE, ASNE, ASME, NAFIPS, the Department of the Army, and the Governor of the State of Maryland. He has authored and co-authored more than 600 publications including 8 textbooks and 14 edited books. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems. Presently he is the chair of the Infrastructure Resilience Division (IRD) and past chair of the Committee on Adaptation to a Changing Climate (CACC) of ASCE.